What Is HtmlUnitDriver?
HtmlUnitDriver is headless browser you could launch with Selenium Web Driver, meaning that it’s a browser without a user interface. Such browsers have many advantages, like taking less resources, since they don’t have to render the web elements visually on the screen. Although some pages may not render correctly in such browsers, they tend to work well most of the time.
In this tutorial, we will look on the various ways to add HtmlUnitDriver to your project, and how to launch it with various configurations. It’s worth noting that HtmlUnitDriver is one of multple ways of launching headless browser. We will look at other ways to launch these browsers thorough the series. ☇
This tutorial is part of a series about Selenium Web Driver. You can go to the first part in the series by clicking here.
Quickly go to:-
Advantages Of HtmlUnitDriver
- Lightweight & runs faster for most of the tests.
- Takes less recourses, since it won’t need to render the GUI.
- Can run more instances using the same resources, compared to browsers with GUI.
- Supports Java script
- Can run known browsers, such as Firefox, Chrome & Edge.
Disadvantages Of HtmlUnitDriver
- Not having a rendered GUI can cause issues sometimes.
- Sometimes it’s hard to fix its issues, specially with our inability to see the screen.
- Codes written for web driver with GUI may not always work on HtmlUnitDriver right away.
Adding HtmlUnitDriver To Your Project
To use the HTML Unit browser, simply add the Maven or Gradle dependency to your project. On Maven, you simply add the following dependency to your pom.xml file:-
<dependency> <groupId>org.seleniumhq.selenium</groupId> <artifactId>selenium-htmlunit-driver</artifactId> <version>2.52.0</version> </dependency>
If you use Gradle, add the following dependency to your build.gradle file:-
compile group: 'org.seleniumhq.selenium', name: 'selenium-htmlunit-driver', version: '2.52.0'
Launching Htmlunitdriver Using Java
Once we added HtmlUnitDriver to our project, We can launch browser instances with it, which is done by creating an instance of the class HtmlUnitDriver. We can interact with it like any other WebDriver instance. For a starter, we can use the getTitle() function to get the page title & print it to console, since that’s the easiest way to make sure the page was loaded correctly:-
WebDriver HTMLUnitdriver = new HtmlUnitDriver(); HTMLUnitdriver.get("http://yahoo.com/"); String PageTitle = HTMLUnitdriver.getTitle(); System.out.println(PageTitle);
You can specify what browser HTML Unit launches in the constructor. We do that for Firefox here:-
WebDriver HTMLUnitdriver = new HtmlUnitDriver(BrowserVersion.FIREFOX);
WebDriver HTMLUnitdriver = new HtmlUnitDriver(true);
WebDriver HTMLUnitdriver = new HtmlUnitDriver(BrowserVersion.FIREFOX, true);
I hope you liked my tutorial has helped you learn more about HtmlUnitDriver, and see you again in another one.
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